Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, is a common cause of nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes experienced by about 20% of the population. It is typically in response to certain triggers called allergens, such as pollen, dust, mold, and pet dander, or certain foods. 

Did you know Dallas is ranked number 2 out of 10 as the most challenging places to live with seasonal allergies by the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America? Ahhh-choo, don’t worry we are here to help.

Exposure to the following allergens may induce allergic rhinitis:

  • Grass
  • Pollen
  • Dust mites
  • Cockroaches
  • Smoke
  • Perfume
  • Mold

Signs & Symptoms
The symptoms of allergic rhinitis can include:

  • Sneezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Itchy nose or eyes
  • Coughing
  • Postnasal drip
  • Sore throat
  • Watery eyes
  • Headaches
  • Dry itchy skin
  • Fatigue

Home Care
Steps to take to prevent or reduce exposure to allergens:

  • Limit time outdoors on high-pollen days
  • Shower after being outdoors and change your clothes/wash hands and face
  • Use air-conditioning rather than opening windows to reduce pollen and dust in the house
  • Use a dehumidifier during damp weather to keep indoor air drier and prevent mold growth
  • Remove mold indoors and outside the house
  • Avoid indoor smoking and strong fragrances
  • Change or clean filters frequently (furnace, air cleaners, air conditioners)
  • Limit allergens in the bedroom (plastic mattress and pillow covers, wash sheets and curtains in hot water, remove rugs, furniture, etc.)
  • If your child has pet allergies, consider making changes to the sleeping and feeding areas of your pets

Some over-the-counter products can help relieve symptoms for certain age groups.  We recommend speaking with your pediatrician prior to starting any medications:

  • Antihistamines such as Zyrtec (cetirizine), Allegra (fexofenadine), Claritin (loratadine), Xyzal (levocetirizine)
  • Nasal sprays such as Flonase (fluticasone) and lubricant eye drops
  • Saline spray or nasal wash (without antihistamine or decongestant)

Schedule an appointment with Drs. Leon, Berger, Mix, Gair, or Reed to discuss which products are best to use for your child’s symptoms.